We all know the world is running behind automating the process at everywhere. Coming to IT, the automation plays a key role as its existence started from here. In the software development life cycle automation brought massive changes in the processes.
As a Software Quality Assurance engineer, I would like to express my view on the importance of the automation and its role in the software testing life cycle. We all should agree the fact that the automation brought a massive change in the STLC process. Especially for the functional and regression testing the automation process (we have various tools to automate) helping testers to verify and validate the system with less time.
But, here the question is.. the modern automation testing process can replace the traditional manual process?
Software testing is a process of analyzing the risk of any software application to use. 100% bug free software is impossible thing. But as software QA, we need to reduce the risk to the end user to use the software application. Different types of testing will be conducted at different stages to find the bugs in the system. Automation cannot be used at all the stages of the testing process and the tradition manual process should be done before automating any application.
Negative testing plays a major role in testing an application to analyze how the application reacts for the negative scenarios. Complete coverage of negative testing cannot be done by using the automation process.
When any application needs to be automated, that should be verified manually at least once before automating it. A traditional manual process can give more efficient application comparatively the modern automation process.
Any automation tool has its own limitations in terms of test coverage and type of testing. Few automation tools won’t support UI verification completely; few have its limitations with the programming language that has been used for developing the front end for the software application. Till now there is no perfect tool to support the Database testing part.
Some tests cannot be automated; this especially concerns hardware-related tests. Writing scripts for automated checks of sensors, touchpads, and screens is almost impossible, and rarely viable. Also, some data can be tested only manually. For example, you can automatically test if a printer prints, but checking the quality and content of printed images is best done manually.
Finally, I would like to conclude that both the manual and automation processes have its strengths and weaknesses. But as a software QA, we should find the correct area where we should use the manual process and where we should use the automation process.
The automation process helping QAs to reduce the time and human errors but definitely the traditional manual process cannot be replaced with the modern automation process.
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